Chairmen of the Department of Ophthalmology at California Pacific and its Ancestral Organizations
by William H. Spencer, M.D.
Despite Elias Cooper's interest in treating diseases of the eye and ear, the original faculty of the Medical Department of the University of the Pacific does not include a professor of Ophthalmology and Otology. Cooper is designated Professor of Anatomy and Surgery.
Levi Cooper Lane is appointed Acting Professor of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology at the reorganized Medical College of the Pacific affiliated with the University (City) College.
Adolph Barkan is appointed as the first professor of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology at the Pacific Medical College. He had arrived in San Francisco in 1869. Barkan continued as head of the eye department of the Cooper Medical College and was appointed Professor of structure and diseases of the eye, ear, and larynx at the Stanford University School of Medicine. He retired in 1912 and returned to Europe where he spent most of the remainder of his life. He died in 1935.
Albert B. McKee succeeds Adolph Barkan. He was described by Hans Barkan as "... not a good administrator or lecturer, not a facile operator, but one of the best ophthalmologists I ever knew. He missed nothing, saw what the rest of us could not, had unerring clinical sense, and I, fresh from Vienna, learned more from him than I thought possible. He was a bit gruff but with a heart of gold and unimpeachable fairness and rectitude."
Hans Barkan formally institutes residency program and trains many future leaders (e.g., Robert Shaffer, Jerome Bettman, Ernest Denicke, Arthur Jampolsky).
A. Edward Maumenee follows Hans Barkan as Chair. During his tenure at Stanford he serves as a charismatic local and national leader, surgical innovator, and educator. He returns to Johns Hopkins University in 1955 as Director of the Wilmer Institute where he gains worldwide recognition for his many clinical and basic science contributions.
Dohrmann K. Pischel, a renowned pioneer in the effective treatment of retinal detachment and a dedicated teacher, chairs the department during discussions with Stanford about its planned move to Palo Alto.
Jerome W. Bettman chairs the department during the course of Stanford's move and helps design the new eye department space in Palo Alto. He and a loyal group of clinical ophthalmologists hold the San Francisco eye training program together while the facility searches for its new identity.
Lions Joseph Giuffre, Leonardo S. Bacci and A. Bud Mason meet with Bettman to explore a mutual patient care relationship between the department and the Lions. Barbara Anger is appointed Director of Operations of the Lions Eye Clinic in 1968. She will serve 27 years and, after her retirement in 1995, be succeeded by Mark Paskvan (Program Coordinator). Between 1970 and 1983, Maurice Perstein serves as Executive Director of the Lions Eye Foundation. He is succeeded by Don Stanaway.
Arthur J. Jampolsky succeeds Jerome Bettman as department chair and simultaneously directs the growth of the Smith-Kettlewell Institute of Visual Science. He is instrumental in working with committees planning affiliation with the University of the Pacific in Stockton, and in fund raising for the new Presbyterian hospital.
In 1971 Bruce E. Spivey is recruited by Arthur Jampolsky to serve as department chair and dean of a proposed School of Medical Sciences at the University of the Pacific in charge of the educational programs at Pacific Medical Center. The department flowers under his leadership. He expands the volunteer and full-time faculty, introduces innovative educational programs, and initiates support for funded ophthalmology chairs.
In 1976 hospital financial crisis occurs. Threat to continuity of eye dept. Spivey becomes President and CEO of Presbyterian Hospital and successfully stabilizes hospital balance sheet.
In 1979 he is appointed executive vice president of the American Academy of Ophthalmology and supervises its move to San Francisco.
In 1986 Spivey resigns department chair, retains hospital and Academy positions until 1992, when he moves to Chicago.
Robert L. Stamper follows Bruce Spivey as department chair. He recruits additional full-time faculty, refines the educational program and works with the Lions Eye Foundation, Pacific Vision Foundation and community ophthalmologists to preserve financial support during the difficult financial retrenchment brought about by the hospital's rapid transition to a managed care facility. He steps down as chair in 1995, but remains as co-director of the glaucoma service (with Marc Lieberman).
William B. Stewart formulates a new community-based faculty designed to function within the financial constraints of managed care. It utilizes community-based volunteer clinical faculty together with basic science teachers supported by PVF. Susan H. Day coordinates the residency training program, which is supported by the Lions Eye Foundation. Residents continue clinical and surgical rotations at Alameda County Medical Center and Kaiser Hospital, San Francisco.
William Stewart resigns as department chair and accepts position as Medical Director of the Institute for Health and Healing at California Pacific.
Susan H. Day is appointed to chair the eye department.