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    Speech Language Pathology: Tips for Improving Communication with Someone after a Brain Injury

    If your loved one is having a difficult time communicating, it is important for you to understand some strategies that can help.

    • Be sure she/he can see your face


    • Stand between 2 and 5 feet away


    • Be sure she/he is sitting/lying/standing in a comfortable posture


    • Reduce distractions - TV, radio, other conversations, environmental noise


    • Approach him/her on the side which he/she prefers. (Later on you can try moving to the more neglected side, encouraging him/her to maintain attention)


    • Make sure to get his/her attention before you start talking


    • Speak slowly, simply and clearly


    • Talk about subjects that are of a personal nature, or of specific interest to the person


    • Stay on one subject at a time. Avoid jumping from one topic to another


    • Use short, complete sentences


    • Pause between sentences


    • Repeat and reword or rephrase


    • Use gestures and facial expression as well as words


    • Allow time for responses. Don't rush


    • Pay attention to his/her facial expression and body language. Is he/she interested, happy, bored, upset, sad, worried or impatient?


    • Treat him/her with respect. He/she is able to understand more than his/her ability to communicate indicates. Include him/her in your conversations


    • Allow for rest periods. Reduce stimulation/activity when he/she is tired