The adrenal glands secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream, one gland sits on each of the kidneys. They are about one to two inches in length and weigh only a fraction of an ounce each while secreting more than three dozen hormones. The adrenal gland is recognized by its striking orange color.
A Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is usually performed to remove benign orcancerous tumors.Using laparoscopic surgery, the average stay for an adrenalectomy is 1 to 2 days and patients return to their normal activities within two weeks. Only 3 to 4 small incisions are made in the abdominal area. The adrenal gland is exposed, the blood supply is cut off, the gland is mobilized and removed.
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The four parathyroid glands regulate a person's calcium metabolism. When one or more of these glands becomes overactive causing several conditions, from depression to demineralization of bone, the only permanent treatment is removal of the effected glands, called a parathyroidectomy. A standard open parathyroidectomy requires a 4 cm incision in the neck. Using laparoscopic instruments, a new technique called endoscopic parathyroidectomy can be done through 4 very small incisions. The main advantage is a better cosmetic result and slightly less pain.
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